Varicose disease: how to recognize the disease at an early stage?
Varicose veins – the problem is not only aesthetic. This vascular pathology more often bothers women than men. And the cunning of the disease is that it is not so easy to recognize “varicose veins” at an early stage, when the spider veins and protruding veins have not yet appeared. Light subcutaneous blueness on the legs is taken for bruising, and pain and swelling are attributed to fatigue. But it is at this stage that it is important to diagnose varicose disease in a timely manner in order to take action in time and prevent the development of the disease and more serious complications.
Symptoms of “varicose veins” at the initial stage
For a number of reasons (heredity, wearing uncomfortable shoes, high heels, prolonged standing, overweight, etc.), the normal functioning of the valvular vein system is disrupted and the progression of varicose veins starts. The main symptom of varicose veins – dilated saphenous veins – appear already in the later stages of the disease, when medical treatment or wearing compression underwear will not help to stop the disease: then the help of a phlebologist surgeon is required.
In addition, the not always deformed veins, in which the blood circulation is disturbed and which do not show up clearly under the skin due to individual human characteristics, can be seen visually. Therefore, if you notice:
feeling of severe tiredness in the legs by the end of the day
heaviness, pain and swelling in the lower parts of the legs and feet (along the veins)
cramps in calf (especially at night)
the evening swelling of the legs disappeared in the morning,
it is important not to make diagnoses, but to consult a specialist to diagnose and identify all possible nuances.
Diagnosis of venous insufficiency and varicose veins
Constant swelling in the legs for no apparent reason, disappearing in the morning is a clear sign of chronic venous insufficiency. This condition can last for years, and if you do not go to the doctor and if there is no adequate treatment, the blood circulation in the legs gets worse. “Clusters” of veins appear, skin color changes (spots, cyanosis). If at this stage of the disease to ignore the disease, hoping for all sorts of ointments, compresses of herbs and other “grandmother’s recipes”, then the condition can reach the formation of trophic ulcers, the development of thrombophlebitis.
Therefore, at the first signs of “varicose veins”, even if there are no spider veins and “swollen” veins, it is important to consult a specialist and undergo an ultrasound of the vessels of the veins of the legs. This examination is absolutely harmless and painless, it will help to identify the condition of both superficial and deep veins that a person does not see visually.
Ultrasound vessels of the legs: do I need training?
Ultrasound examination of the lower extremities is the most informative type of diagnosis for CVI (chronic venous insufficiency). Also ultrasound of the veins and blood vessels of the legs is used to diagnose venous thrombosis. Using ultrasound, a specialist evaluates the anatomy and condition of both superficial veins and vessels, as well as deep venous networks, the direction of blood flow, which is very important for the diagnosis of venous pathology and the choice of further method of therapy.
Special training for ultrasound of the vessels of the legs is not necessary, the only thing that, if necessary, an ultrasound of the abdominal vein specialist can recommend the patient to follow a lean diet.