Laser treatment: from age spots to kidney stones
Laser therapy today is widely used not only in surgery, but also in other sections of medicine. Beauticians carry out laser peels of the skin, urologists – crush stones in the kidneys, actively use laser techniques for treating the heart, blood vessels, etc. And of course with the word “laser”, many have associations with surgical treatment.
How does the laser beam not only in surgery
The laser beam produces radiation in the optical range, and all laser therapy is based on it. By fixing the light flux into a single wave (monochromatic light), narrow beams of light are created. A wide range of lengths of light waves and the energy of their action made the laser very popular in various medical areas. Surgery uses the most powerful laser beams that can not only penetrate deeply and cut, but also “force” blood to clot more quickly, unlike a metal scalpel.
Therefore, with many operations that laser surgery offers, the patient needs less time for rehabilitation and recovery is faster. Lower power laser beams are actively used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, in cosmetology, in dermatology for the treatment of skin defects, in gynecology, urology, etc. Laser scanners are also used for diagnostics: it becomes possible to diagnose pathology or disprove a disease thanks to a diffused stream of light passed through a human tissue.
Why the laser “gives odds” to other technologies
The advantages of laser therapy have made this method of treatment very popular, because when the laser is exposed to tissue, the endocrine and immune systems are activated, local blood circulation is improved, oxygen metabolism is accelerated, etc. In addition, laser therapy produces a bactericidal effect, contributes to less inflammation of the tissues. After exposure to the vascular system with a laser, a pronounced anti-edema effect occurs. And surgical laser technology has gained popularity due to the minimal risk of joining the infection after surgery and lower pain in the postoperative period.
To whom is laser therapy indicated: are there any limitations?
Any type of treatment, drug or not, has a number of contraindications. Including – and laser therapy. You cannot use laser treatment in some benign tumors, oncology, pulmonary pathologies, and in a number of diseases in the acute stage, for example, in diabetes. In addition, infectious diseases and neuropsychological problems may also be contraindications for laser therapy.
Only a specialist can recommend treating chronic conditions, injuries, cosmetic problems or doing surgical interventions using laser technologies, taking into account health, age of the patient, individual tolerance, etc. Therefore, to apply laser therapy in any of the medical fields, a specialist’s consultation is necessary, his experience, possession of current therapies, and modern equipment .