What is a headache
Headache is pain in the head and neck, which can be primary and secondary. Primary headaches occur when surveys do not show a different cause, secondary headaches are a symptom of another disease. Approximately 15-18% of patients with migraine, and the remaining patients tension headache.
Tension headaches can be pressing, mild and moderate, bilateral. One episode can last from 30 minutes to up to 7 days. Headaches may occur after coughing, cold, or sexual activity.
Migraine is a chronic disease that affects 25% of women and 8% of men. Attacks can be rare – 3 or 4 times in life or more often – several times a week. Most often, the pain is one-sided, strong or very strong, throbbing pain, which is aggravated by physical exertion. They are often accompanied by nausea and vomiting. 7% of patients with migraine feel an aura that lasts from a few minutes to hours, and usually appears before the onset of a headache. Aura is expressed by deterioration of vision, darkening before the eyes, may be dislike for light, exacerbation of taste and smell. In children, caused by migraine, bilateral headaches, at the same time nausea may be present. After vomiting, after 2-3 hours, the child wakes up healthy.
What are the symptoms of headaches?
Headaches can cause more than 200 diseases. They may indicate relatively mild diseases, such as hypertension or hypotension, infectious diseases (influenza, meningitis, tick-borne encephalitis), as well as more serious diseases, such as stroke, brain cancer, etc. One of the most common secondary headaches are myofascial pains, which are associated with muscle tension and occur in various diseases of the spine (spondylosis, osteochondrosis) and neck injuries. They are characterized by trigger zones that can be probed. Very peculiar pains cause the head nerves, for example, the trigeminal neuralgia. The pains are short, electric, sharp, they can be provoked by brushing your teeth, chewing food. If a patient has inflammation of the sinuses, fluid or pus can accumulate in them that irritates the fibers of the tertiary nerve, while causing a dull headache. In children, parasites can also cause headaches.
Chronic pain is considered to be pain that recurs more than 15 days a month and lasts more than 3 months.
If a patient has a headache, it is important to find out whether the cause of the head disease or a secondary symptom of other diseases.
First, you should visit the family doctor and conduct a minimal examination – a complete blood count, because headache can cause very high or low hemoglobin, very low levels of vitamin D, as well as other diseases. If necessary, the doctor will refer the patient to additional examinations.
Each form of headache is assigned a specific therapy. For the treatment of migraine used quick-release pain medication. The most important thing is to apply them as quickly as possible and in sufficient doses. Small doses of pain relievers can also eliminate tension headaches. Patients are helped by bath procedures, music therapy, and auto-training. After consulting with a family doctor, it is also possible to use pain medication for secondary headaches.