Anemia is dangerous? How does anemia appear?
Anemia or anemia is called a condition in which the amount of red cells – red blood cells decreases in the blood. Without erythrocytes, the process of full blood oxygen saturation is impossible. There are many reasons for the development of anemia, most often it is the deficiency of iron or vitamins of group B, which occurs due to poor nutrition, problems with hematopoiesis or diseases of the digestive system.
What is the risk of anemia? Anemia
Iron deficiency anemia is the most common: it mostly affects women, often not attributing to symptoms such as tiredness, weakness, pallor of the skin, and writing off everything for excessive employment. There is a deficiency of iron in the body in diseases of the digestive system, a lack of nutrition of a number of products – greens, liver, vegetables, buckwheat, meat, etc. Iron deficiency anemia often occurs during pregnancy, latent hemorrhages, including during the monthly period. Persistent iron deficiency anemia is treated with medication, one correction of nutrition can not be avoided.
Hereditary factors, frequent stresses, supercooling can become factors contributing to the development of hemolytic anemia. And pernicious anemia often develops in elderly people due to the fact that vitamin B12 is not absorbed by the body. In total, about 50 types of anemia are classified into medicine, the causes of which are hormonal disorders, infectious diseases, chronic diseases, oncology, etc. The risk of anemia is that in such conditions, organs and tissues are experiencing oxygen starvation and, accordingly, can not perform their functions properly. Oxygen starvation of tissues and organs leads to their dystrophy, that is, physiological pathological changes. Also, with hypoxia, some metabolism products accumulate in the body, which leads to general intoxication.
Signs of anemia: how to suspect anemia
Initially, the developing or already existing anemia can be judged by a general blood test: blood is taken from the finger, indicators of the number of red blood cells, as well as hemoglobin, are the colorant of the blood. The norm of hemoglobin is considered to be 120-150 g / l (for women) and 130-160 g / l (for men). The lower the norm – the more the state is launched, the other symptoms of anemia appear:
Nails and hair become dry and brittle, hair falls out
Cracks appear in the corners of the mouth
Concerned about constant fatigue, weakness, headaches, increased heartbeat and shortness of breath
Treatment and prevention of anemia
If the lack of iron, vitamins B12 or B9 (folic acid) is caused by diseases of the internal organs (often gastritis, ulcer disease, in which the absorption of nutrients by the body is disturbed), then, in addition to preparations of iron or vitamins, appoint appropriate examination and therapy. Iron preparations may also be prescribed by a doctor for anemia in pregnant women or women with abundant menstruation.
Treatment of concomitant illnesses and preventive examinations at the therapist with a check of blood parameters at least once a year will help to identify in a timely manner the reduced hemoglobin and find the cause of anemia. Raising the level of hemoglobin in the blood helps iron-rich meat (lean red varieties) legumes, whole grains, egg yolks, juices (especially pomegranate). Folic acid is rich in greens and green vegetables. A tea, coffee and cola, on the contrary, contribute to lower digestibility of the body of iron.