Hurts your ear? The guilty thing is the summer otitis
Inflammatory diseases of ENT organs in hot weather is not uncommon at all. With the advent of heat and the beach season, there is an increased risk of getting infected with otitis media – an inflammatory disease of the ear. Summer otitis in most cases – this is the result of the first bathing in ponds, prolonged stay in cool water. The water in the ear, as well as the long positioning under the conditioner plus the use of large quantities of cold drinks, ultimately lead to morbidity with otitis. Children with otitis are more often than adults
Why bathing leads to inflammatory processes in the ear
The otitis, as such, develops when it hits the ear of an infection: bacteria easily migrate into eustachian tubes from other ENT organs – the nose and pharynx. If a person is overclosed, local immunity decreases and microorganisms that are in the tonsils, the nasal cavity, etc., are actively reproduced. Due to the physiological connection of the ears with the throat and nose, the treatment of the nasopharynx and ears is carried out by one specialist – otolaryngologist (ENT-doctor). Outdoor otitis at bathers in most cases develop after bathing in running water – a river, a lake, etc., than in the sea.
In adults, otitism is easier than in children, although there are complicated cases. This is because the adult immune system is already formed and more advanced than the infant’s. In children, eustachian tubes are shorter than in adults, therefore pathogenic microorganisms are easier to fall into the ear. If the child has an ear ill, then pull on a visit to ENT and engage in self-healing is dangerous, as the disease quickly becomes chronic. Chronic otitis is dangerous to hearing impairment up to complete deafness.
Symptoms of otitis media in adults and children
The main symptom of acute otitis is a nose or shooting pain in the ear, or fever, fever, or fever. Initially, a person experiences pain in the ear, after a couple of days, the purulent contents begin to flow out of the auditory passage. It’s time to seek medical help because the purulent content itself broke through the tympanic membrane, the hole in the membrane will be delayed without consequences and the therapy will be minimal.
If you ignore and continue to wait, without removing the source of infection, then the pus will again begin to accumulate within the ear. Also, in a number of cases, purulent contents can not independently escape, which increases the risk of developing a life-threatening complication-brain abscess or meningitis. Therefore, even a slight pain in the ear is a significant cause
go to otolaryngologist.
Treatment and prevention of summer otitis media
To diagnose, the doctor examines the patient, an analysis of the blood released from the ear of the purulent contents, the x-ray of the bone marrow, and the tomography (the data of the examinations begin to study deep structures of the ear, if necessary) can also be prescribed. The external ear and the tympanic membrane can be examined by the ENT doctor with the help of a special device – otoscope. Depending on the type of otitis and the degree of the disease (acute, chronic, running illness), the doctor will prescribe medication, washing the ear with antiseptic solutions, ear drops, vitamin preparations. In a number of cases, a pairing is shown – paracentesis or puncture of the tympanic membrane.
In case of pain in the ear, under no circumstances should you warm your ear: this will intensify the inflammatory process and spread the infection even more. The warming up procedures are prescribed only after the removal of acute inflammatory process and antibacterial treatment. Try not to overcook, not stay for a long time in ponds, under air conditioners and in drafts, watch for children. It is important to strengthen the general immunity, so that the protective forces of the body can cope with the infection, to timely treat all emerging diseases of ENT organs: runny nose, colds, tonsillitis.