Metrosalpingography: Effective diagnosis of causes of infertility in women
Metrosalpingography (MSG) is a painless diagnostic procedure that is necessary for the study of uterine (fallopian) tubes. She needs far not all women.
With the term metrosalpingography faces only those women who are at risk of getting a diagnosis of infertility.
When is it necessary to conduct MSG?
An indication of the procedure is considered a year of unsuccessful attempts to conceive a child. In such cases, doctors are beginning to seek the cause. One of them may be the obstruction of the uterine tubes, which play an immediate role in the conception. The fallopian tube pushes into its cavity an egg, which moves along it to the uterus. Sometimes the pipes are clogged, which makes it impossible to move the egg.
Metrosalpingography is designed specifically to check the patency of the uterine tubes. This method of diagnosis makes it possible to put or exclude a diagnosis of uterine infertility.
MSGs are also prescribed in order to check the presence or absence of malformations of the uterus and its appendages. This may be the wrong form or size of the organ, as well as the presence or absence of lumen.
Metrosalpingography is also used in case of suspicion of submucosal miosis or endometriosis of the uterus. It is necessary if it is necessary to confirm the diagnosis of ischemic-cervical insufficiency. It is used to search for intrauterine joints.
Important: There is one important reason for using MSG that does not concern infertility. Such diagnostics are prescribed for girls if they have a delay in their developmental stages.
When metrosalpingography can not be carried out?
MSG can be administered at any convenient time and not at any state of health. Contraindications to the procedure:
confirmed pregnancy or suspicion of successful fertilization;
if in recent times the uterus and uterine tubes suffered acute infection;
the body struggles with acute inflammatory processes such as intestinal or respiratory infections;
Allergy triggered by contrast agent
insufficient vaginal cleansing index;
if a general and biochemical blood test shows the presence of an inflammatory process;
severe illness associated with cardiovascular system;
Before appointing an MSG, the physician must check the patient for contraindications and appoint all necessary analyzes.
Varieties of metrosalpingography
If the state of health does not allow for the usual version of MSG, the doctor may prescribe ultrasound metrosalpingography. In order to see the state of the internal organs in this case, the doctor uses an ultrasound rather than an X-ray. Instead of the usual contrast agent, use a safe saline solution. The procedure takes a minimum of time.
The most modern way of research is selective metrosalpingography. It has one significant advantage – a hyperfine conductor with a tube. It allows the contrast agent to fall into those areas that are of interest to the physician. In particular, it may be areas in the fallopian tubes or in the uterus itself. This method involves a reduced risk of complications and a negative effect on the female body.