Diagnosis and treatment of renal tumors
Kidneys are our biological filter, without this vital organ, a person can not fully exist. Kidneys regulate the production of renin, a hormone that affects arterial pressure. But the main function of the kidneys is cleaning: during the day, the kidneys can clear about 2 thousand liters of blood, filtering the “waste” that is formed during the metabolism. Such “waste” is concentrated in the urine, and in the arterial current there is already purified blood.
Symptoms of kidney tumors
Cysts, stones in the kidney, tumors of different origin, etc. require diagnosis and treatment: for example, benign formations are not life-threatening, unlike malignant (cancerous). But they can affect the kidneys themselves, preventing the body from functioning normally, as well as other organs and systems, provoking a number of pathological conditions. Therefore, even benign tumors of the kidneys require constant medical control, treatment and, in some cases, removal. Malignant education is important as soon as possible so that treatment is successful.
Tumors in the kidneys can manifest themselves as changes in the tissues of the body (which can only be determined by a specialist during ultrasound, for example), the presence of pathological changes in blood parameters, as well as disorders in the functioning of the kidneys (blood in the urine, pain in the lumbar and subcutaneous tissues’ i) Also, the symptoms of a pathological condition of the kidneys are as follows:
edema on the legs and vein thrombosis
frequent cough without any cause
weakness and constant fatigue
persistent high blood pressure.
Diagnosis of renal tumors and diseases of the genitourinary system
First, the urologist will listen to the complaints of the patient, check the condition of the lymph nodes (cervical and supraclavicular), check for edema on the legs, etc. Then it is necessary to undergo a laboratory examination: a general analysis of blood and urine, coagulation blood (biochemical), biochemical blood test It is also necessary to undergo ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity, in some cases, CT-computer tomography, renal arteriography (X-ray of the kidneys and vascular vessels after the introduction of a contrast agent).
All these examinations allow to see the structure and functioning of the kidney (the presence or absence of pathologies), the volume of the tumor and its nature, etc. To find out the nature of the tumor (malignant or benign), the doctor also conducts a biopsy of the kidney, which takes away a piece of tissue and finds out its structural composition.
Treatment of tumors in the kidneys
Benign neoplasms are not always subject to removal: for example, small cysts less than 5 cm that do not interfere with the outflow of urine, are observed with the help of regular ultrasound, etc. The doctor also prescribes a diet, medical treatment. In some cases, some benign lesions are subject to removal.
In cancerous kidney tumors, depending on the stage of the disease, either complete removal of the kidney (radical nephrectomy) or partial resection of the kidney. The least traumatic method is laparoscopy: small cuts (up to 2 cm) into the abdominal cavity introduce microinstruments and the doctor carries out surgery. This method is well tolerated by the patient and does not require long-term rehabilitation: staying in a hospital takes a maximum of a week.