Diagnosis of infertility is the first step towards the desired pregnancy
Infertility is a problem, unfortunately, widespread: in every fifth Ukrainian couple, there are problems with conception, nursing and the birth of a baby. In the world, infertile couples, according to medical statistics, are about 12%. The earlier the cause of infertility is diagnosed, the higher the chance of a baby’s birth. In many cases, a woman can not become pregnant because of prolonged inflammatory gynecological processes or stress. Therefore, in order to identify the reasons why it is impossible to conceive a child, first of all it is necessary to examine the complex.
What signs can you suspect infertility?
If during the year the couple regularly engaged in sex without contraception, and conceptions did not occur, the question arises about the infertility of one of the partners or two at a time. Why exactly the year is taken as the basis of the period of infertility? Because statistics on the monitoring of family couples who have declined from contraception say that half of these couples could conceive a child for 3 months. In 75% of cases, couples could conceive a child after six months of regular intimacy without protection.
On average, within a year after the abandonment of contraception, it is possible to conceive a child in 9 couples out of 10 (subject to the absence of identified pathologies). If during the next year a couple can not conceive a child, it is important to contact a gynecology or reproduction clinic for an infertility survey. Violations in the body, due to which the baby can not be conceived, may be from one of the partners: in such cases men talk about male or female infertility. In case of violation of fertility in both partners, a specialist suspects combined infertility.
The main causes of infertility in women and men
The primary infertility in women is considered a violation of fertility, when she never succeeded in becoming pregnant. Secondary infertility is said if pregnancy occurred for the first time, but in the course of a miscarriage or there was a need for abortion, surgical intervention or pregnancy ended with safe births. Often infertility is caused by inflammatory diseases of the reproductive organs, genital infections, general chronic diseases, etc.
Often, a woman and a man are completely physiologically healthy, but any situation typical of one of the partners may be the source of the problem and the reason for the impossibility of conception. Fertility also reduces smoking, alcohol, obesity (overweight), and vice versa – low body weight, taking some medications. In men, the quality and quantity of semen are negatively affected by radioactive elements, toxic substances, radiation, etc.
Basic methods of diagnostics of infertility
Integrated diagnostics of infertility involves the study of blood on hormones, an analysis of the immune state of the body, tests for sex infection, ultrasound of the pelvic organs, salpingography – evaluation of the patency of the uterine tubes, analysis of the sperm and. etc. It is often enough to change the situation, the rhythm of life, to solve common health problems, and the ability to conceive is restored.
Specialists advise to seek help as soon as possible, if after a year of effort pregnancy never occurred – then the chances of successful treatment and complete recovery is higher. If it is impossible to restore the natural fertilization of the IVF program (extracorporal fertilization), insemination by the sperm of the husband, etc. allow you to solve the problem in the most difficult cases.